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Fluidized bed dryer (also called fluid bed dryer) is a kind of equipment used extensively in the pharmaceutical industries to reduce the moisture content of pharmaceutical powder and granules. The equipment works on a principle of fluidization of the feed materials. In fluidization process, hot air is introduced at high pressure through a perforated bed of moist solid particulate. The wet solids are lifted from the bottom and suspended in a stream of air (fluidized state). Heat transfer is accomplished by direct contact between the wet solid and hot gases. The vaporised liquid is carried away by the drying gasses. Sometimes to save energy, the exit gas is partially recycled.

A typical fluidized bed dryer consists of the following components

  • Air preparatory unit.
  • Product container.
  • Exhaust filter.
  • Exhaust blower.
  • Control panel.
  • Air distribution plate.
  • Spray nozzle.
  • Solution deliver.